冷冻品有效期,Chilled and frozen foods
Seller requirements for refrigerated food, frozen food, and temperature-controlled food forquality or performance are as follows:You must be registered as a seller on the Professional Selling Plan. You must provide us with acceptable documentation (such as GFSI) and other informationwe request about the products you intend to sell.Refrigerated food, frozen food, and raw agricultural commodities must be fully enclosedand sealed in packaging suitable for shipping. Packaging must be designed to maintain safeproduct temperatures throughout delivery to the customer. Temperature thresholds are shownin the "Food-Temperature Details" table belowFood that is temperature-controlled for quality and performance must follow temperaturerequirements that meet quality and performance standards. Raw agricultural commodities that do not have an expiration date must have acceptableremaining shelf life on product, meet quality standards for ripeness and be absent ofmold, pests, or contamination.Validation and verification of chill chain
Maintaining proper temperatures of refrigerated food, frozen food and raw agriculturalcommodities is critical for ensuring food safety and quality. Temperatures outside theconforming temperature range may result in offer suppression and/or seller suspension.
Validation: Sellers are expected to validate the chill chain. To validate the chillchain, a seller needs to demonstrate how the product temperature will be maintained in"worst case conditions" (such as when the external ambient temperature reaches historichighs or lows, when the delivery is as long as it can be, when the delivered food has a lowthermal mass or a high volume). A validation will be deemed successful when an externalindependent laboratory can repeatedly simulate "worst case scenario" and show that theproduct's internal and surface temperatures are lower than the targeted temperature at theend of the maximum time, corresponding to the longest possible delivery time. For businessesthat do not restrict customer orders by state or ZIP code, Phoenix-AZ, Dallas-TX, orMiami-FL should be considered as the warmest delivery locations (depending where the foodships from).
Verification: Whereas validations are suitable to demonstrate theoretical complianceprior to launching a new business, route or packaging, a verification program is recommendedto confirm at a defined frequency that products arrive at or below the targeted temperaturein real business conditions. Like for the validation, verification programs should focus onworst case scenario. When verification results are unfavorable, a corrective action planshould be implemented.
Both validation and verification programs and recorded activities should be kept and madeavailable to Amazon and regulators upon request. Not only is this information an essentialcomponent of food safety, it is also critical for ensuring that the products purchased byconsumers are wholesome, and unadulterated.
General temperature requirements are provided below as reference, however you mustdetermine safety and quality of your products depending on their nature.Table 1. Food-Temperature DetailsFood TypeConforming TemperatureRefrigerated meat28-41° FRefrigerated poultry28-41° FRefrigerated fish and crustacea (crab, shrimp, lobster)32-41° FRefrigerated processed dairy products or liquid eggs32-41° FRefrigerated processed foods32-41° FAll refrigerated cut fruits, vegetables, and ready-to-eat fruits andvegetables132-41° FRefrigerated shellfish (clams, mussels, scallops, oysters)32-45° FRefrigerated shell eggs or fluid milk32-45° FFrozen foods< 10° FWhole, uncut, not ready-to-eat produce232-65° FBananas356-64° F
1All cut fruits, vegetables, and ready-to-eat fruits and vegetables are requiredto be refrigerated to maintain food safety.
2Target temperature for this group is only provided as a guideline to ensureproduce quality. You are expected to validate your chill chain and ensure compliance.If transported together with produce requiring lower temperatures, those producesensitive to low temperatures should be protected against frost with a thermal barrier(for example, with a blanket. Suppliers are expected to take measures to ensure produce quality by using the mostappropriate temperature during on site storage and transit to the customer (based onproduce type).
3Temperature range is based on banana pulp temperature.Compliance documents
In the United States, the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) requires that facilitiesengaged in manufacturing, processing, packing, or holding food for consumption in the UnitedStates submit registration information to FDA. The FD&C Act, as amended by FSMA, alsorequires food facilities required to register with FDA to renew such registrations everyother year.
Amazon recognizes Global Food Safety Initiative (GFSI) benchmarked standards and associatedcertifications (for example, BRC, SQF, FSSC, IFS) and will consider that food suppliersholding a valid GFSI benchmark certificate, relevant to the products sold to or throughAmazon within any of the nine high risk categories identified, meet Amazon food safety andquality minimum expectations. Food suppliers that are not yet certified to a GFSIbenchmarked scheme are expected to meet the following minimum criteria:Certify that all product is packaged and handled in a way to maintain safe temperaturethroughout the planned supply chain. For example, chilled products are maintained ≤41F/5Cthroughout the planned supply chain, or the period where the temperature >41F/5C but is≤45F/7C is limited to 18hrs; Frozen products are maintained ≤10F/-12C or frozen solid atall times. Certify that it holds all required registrations, permits, and licenses to distributechilled or frozen products. Provide a valid permit, license, establishment number, or most recent inspection recordfrom FDA, USDA, department of agriculture or state regulatory requirements to ship yourproducts to all states in the continental US (excluding Alaska, Hawaii and U.S.territories). If the above requirement is not applicable to your business or jurisdiction,provide a letter from the local health authority describing the business activity you areconducting as well as stating there is no required licensing.
Amazon recognizes GFSI benchmarked standards and associated certifications (for example, BRC, SQF,FSSC, IFS) and will consider sellers that hold a valid GFSI benchmark certificate, relevantto the products sold to or through Amazon to meet Amazon's food safety and quality minimumexpectations.
Last updated 07/31/2018